Identification of QTLs associated with spring vegetative budbreak time after dormancy release in pear (Pyrus communis L.)

Gilad Gabay, Yardena Dahan, Yacov Izhaki, Tal Isaacson, Yonatan Elkind, Giora Ben-Ari, Moshe A. Flaishman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dormancy release is greatly affected by chilling unit (CU) accumulation. Lack of CU has a major impact on spring vegetative budbreak (VB). To understand the genetic mechanism governing the chilling requirement (CR), we conducted a QTL analysis of VB date in F1 population, derived from a cross between ‘Spadona’ (low CR) and ‘Harrow Sweet’ (high CR). Using a unique methodology of tree mobility, replicates of the same genotypes were exposed during the winter, over two consecutive years, to climates that differ greatly in their CU and to the same heat conditions to induce VB, in order to evaluate CR genetic impact and to distinguish it from the heat factor. Broad-sense heritability within locations ranged from 0.62 to 0.66. Due to a strong impact of GxE interaction, it was reduced to 0.46 for the overall mean. We examined the previously discovered apple QTLs detected in linkage groups (LG) 9 and 8, based on the synteny between the species. Our analysis confirms significant QTLs in LG8 (R2 = 12%–24%) and LG9 (R2 = 20%–38%) for all locations and years.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)749-758
Number of pages10
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume136
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Blackwell Verlag GmbH

Keywords

  • chilling requirement
  • chilling units
  • genotype x environment interaction
  • linkage group
  • marker-assisted selection

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