CTLs recognize antigenic peptides bound to MHC class I Ags on the cell surface of tumor cells. Tumor-associated Ag (TAA) peptides are 8 to 10 amino acids long and can be derived from normal, mutated, or viral proteins. The majority of T cell-defined Ags have been identified in human melanoma cells. These were shown to be commonly expressed by different allogeneic melanomas that share the same MHC molecule. We have recently isolated Kb-restricted TAA peptides, which are mutations of the gap junction protein connexin 37, from the spontaneous C57BL/6 Lewis lung carcinoma (3LL). These peptides, named MUT 1 and MUT 2, serve as CTL epitopes and can induce CTL activity in vivo. Using CTL cross-reaction assays, peptide extraction, HPLC fractionation, and reverse transcriptase-PCR amplification, we show that clones of another spontaneous C57BL/6 lung carcinoma, CMT 64, share TAA peptides with the 3LL carcinoma. Vaccination with synthetic MUT 1 or MUT 2 induces CTLs that efficiently lyse CMT 64-derived clones, protects mice from CMT 64 metastasis, and affords therapy of established CMT 64 metastases. Hence, shared CTL epitopes exist between two spontaneous murine lung carcinomas.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 15 Dec 1997|