IL-23-mediated mononuclear phagocyte crosstalk protects mice from Citrobacter rodentium-induced colon immunopathology

Tegest Aychek, Alexander Mildner, Simon Yona, Ki Wook Kim, Nardy Lampl, Shlomit Reich-Zeliger, Louis Boon, Nir Yogev, Ari Waisman, Daniel J. Cua, Steffen Jung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gut homeostasis and mucosal immune defense rely on the differential contributions of dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages. Here we show that colonic CX 3 CR1 + mononuclear phagocytes are critical inducers of the innate response to Citrobacter rodentium infection. Specifically, the absence of IL-23 expression in macrophages or CD11b + DC results in the impairment of IL-22 production and in acute lethality. Highlighting immunopathology as a death cause, infected animals are rescued by the neutralization of IL-12 or IFNγ. Moreover, mice are also protected when the CD103 + CD11b - DC compartment is rendered deficient for IL-12 production. We show that IL-12 production by colonic CD103 + CD11b - DC is repressed by IL-23. Collectively, in addition to its role in inducing IL-22 production, macrophage-derived or CD103 - CD11b + DC-derived IL-23 is required to negatively control the otherwise deleterious production of IL-12 by CD103 + CD11b - DC. Impairment of this critical mononuclear phagocyte crosstalk results in the generation of IFNγ-producing former TH17 cells and fatal immunopathology.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number6525
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

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