Immigrant Acculturation and Transnationalism: Israelis in the United States and Europe Compared

Uzi Rebhun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This article examines relations between social integration into host societies, religio-ethnic acculturation into group belonging, and ties to home country among Israeli émigrés in the United States and Europe. I use data from a 2009-2010 Internet survey into which I incorporated country-contextual characteristics. The results of multivariate analyses show that a social integration combining duration of residence abroad and local citizenship enhances religio-ethnic identification. Another measure of integration, social networks, deters group behaviors. All measures of general integration inhibit attachment to the home country, whereas religio-ethnic acculturation is largely insignificant for transnationalism. The religiosity of the new country does not influence immigrants' religio-ethnic patterns or homeland attachment. Insofar as group size is a significant determinant of particularistic behaviors, it weakens them. The more policy-based opportunities newcomers receive, the more they dissociate from group behaviors and homeland ties. Irrespective of individual and contextual factors, living in the United States encourages group affiliation more than living in Europe does. The results are discussed in reference to four working hypotheses-marginalization, integration, assimilation, and separation-and from a U.S.-European comparative perspective.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)613-635
Number of pages23
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 The Society for the Scientific Study of Religion.


  • Europe
  • Immigration
  • Religio-ethnic identification
  • Social integration
  • Ties to homeland
  • United States


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