Impact of incentives on tourist activity in space-time

Noam Shoval*, Alon Kahani, Stefano De Cantis, Mauro Ferrante

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


No tourism study to date, has examined the ability of incentives to shape the spatio-temporal behaviour of tourists. Data collected from the port of Palermo in Sicily (Italy), using traditional survey instruments as well as GPS technology, was employed to investigate the effect of incentives on cruise passengers' space-time activities. The results show the incentives' clear and significant impact in influencing the space-time activities of cruise passengers' while visiting the city. Understanding the movement patterns of visitors at destinations can give destination managers information that can assist in dealing with the negative effects of overtourism that are caused due to high concentrations of visitors in both space and time in relatively small and well-defined sites and areas.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number102846
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Cruise tourism
  • GPS tracking technologies
  • Incentives
  • Overtourism
  • Tourist space-time activity


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