Impact of treatment with saxagliptin on glycaemic stability and β-cell function in the SAVOR-TIMI 53 study

G. Leibowitz*, A. Cahn, D. L. Bhatt, B. Hirshberg, O. Mosenzon, C. Wei, G. Jermendy, W. H.H. Sheu, J. L. Sendon, K. Im, E. Braunwald, B. M. Scirica, I. Raz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: To study the effects of saxagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on glycaemic stability and β-cell function in the SAVOR-TIMI 53 trial. Methods: We randomized 16492 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) to saxagliptin or placebo, added to current antidiabetic medications, and followed them for a median of 2.1years. Glycaemic instability was defined by: (i) a glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) increase of ≥0.5% post-randomization; (ii) the initiation of new antidiabetic medications for ≥3months; or (iii) an increase in dose of oral antidiabetic medication or ≥25% increase in insulin dose for ≥3months. β-cell function was assessed according to fasting homeostatic model 2 assessment of β-cell function (HOMA-2β) values at baseline and at year 2 in patients not treated with insulin. Results: Compared with placebo, participants treated with saxagliptin had a reduction in the development of glycaemic instability (hazard ratio 0.71; 95% confidence interval 0.68-0.74; p<0.0001). In participants treated with saxagliptin compared with placebo, the occurrence of an HbA1c increase of ≥0.5% was reduced by 35.2%; initiation of insulin was decreased by 31.7% and the increases in doses of an oral antidiabetic drug or insulin were reduced by 19.5 and 23.5%, respectively (all p<0.0001). At 2years, HOMA-2β values decreased by 4.9% in participants treated with placebo, compared with an increase of 1.1% in those treated with saxagliptin (p<0.0001). Conclusions: Saxagliptin improved glycaemia and prevented the reduction in HOMA-2β values. Saxagliptin may reduce the usual decline in β-cell function in T2D, thereby slowing diabetes progression.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)487-494
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • Clinical trial
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
  • Glycaemic control
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • β cell

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