Impedimetric Bacterial Detection Using Random Antimicrobial Peptide Mixtures

Tal Stern Bauer, Ravit Yakobi, Mattan Hurevich, Shlomo Yitzchaik, Zvi Hayouka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biosensing of bacterial pathogens is of a high priority. Electrochemical biosensors are an important future tool for rapid bacteria detection. A monolayer of bacterial-binding peptides can serve as a recognition layer in such detection devices. Here, we explore the potential of random peptide mixtures (RPMs) composed of phenylalanine and lysine in random sequences and of controlled length, to form a monolayer that can be utilized for sensing. RPMs were found to assemble in a thin and diluted layer that attracts various bacteria. Faradaic electrochemical impedance spectroscopy was used with modified gold electrodes to measure the charge-transfer resistance (RCT) caused due to the binding of bacteria to RPMs. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found to cause the most prominent increase in RCT compared to other model bacteria. We show that the combination of highly accessible antimicrobial RPMs and electrochemical analysis can be used to generate a new promising line of bacterial biosensors.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2
Pages (from-to)561
Number of pages1
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • antimicrobial peptides
  • bacteria
  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • random peptide mixtures
  • self-assembly monolayer

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