In vivo predation and modification of the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) gut microbiome by the bacterial predator Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus

K. K. Sivakala, P. A. Jose, O. Matan, C. Zohar-Perez, A. Nussinovitch, E. Jurkevitch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: The Mediterranean fruit fly (the medfly) causes major losses of agricultural fruits. Its microbiome is mainly composed of various Enterobacteriaceae that contribute to nutrient acquisition and are associated with the fly’s development. Moreover, the performance of males produced by the sterile insect technique is improved by providing mass-reared insects with specific gut bacteria. Bdellovibrio and like organisms (BALOs) are obligate predators of Gram-negative bacteria that efficiently preys upon diverse Enterobacteriaceae, making it a potential disruptor of the fly’s microbiome. We hypothesized that the fly’s microbiome can be targeted to control the insect. Methods and Results: Inoculation of B. bacteriovorus as free-swimming or encapsulated cells into gut extracts significantly reduced gut bacterial abundance, sustaining predator survival. Similar treatments applied to adult flies showed that the predators also survived in the gut environment. While addition of the predators did not affect total gut bacterial abundance and end-point fly mortality, a shift in the gut community structure, measured by high-throughput community sequencing was observed. Conclusions: The bacterial predator of bacteria B. bacteriovorus can prey and survive in vivo in the medfly gut. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study establishes the potential of BALOs to affect the microbiome of insect hosts.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2971-2980
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume131
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Society for Applied Microbiology

Keywords

  • Bdellovibrio
  • encapsulation
  • gut microbiome
  • medfly
  • predation

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