Inhibition of calcium accumulatory by the sarcoplasmic reticulum: A putative mechanism for the cardiotoxicity of adriamycin

Irit Halili-Rutman, Chaim Hershko, Gavriela Link, Avram J. Rutman, Asher Shainberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of adriamycin (ADR) on calcium accumulation by the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Chemical skinning of cultured rat myocardial cells compromised the barrier function of the cell membrane and thus permitted direct exposure of mitochondrial and non-mitochondrial sites to ADR. In the presence of ATP, and sodium azide, mitochondrial calcium accumulation was negligible. Furthermore, it has previously been shown that non mitochondrial calcium accumulation is mediated mainly by the SR under these conditions. Incubation with 10 μM ADR for 2 hr reduced the level of calcium accumulation by the SR by 50%. A similar effect was obtained after 24 hr incubation with 1 μM ADR. The addition of ferric iron to the culture medium further reduced the level of calcium accumulation. Neither vitamin E nor p carotene affected calcium accumulation by the SR. These results suggest that ADR interferes with the calcium accumulation activity of the SR and that ferric iron potentiates this effect.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)211-214
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the joint Bar-Ifan-Shaare Zedek Research Foundation, and by Grant 93-22 from the united states Israel Bin&or& ScienceF oundation (BSP) , Jerusalem, Israel.

Keywords

  • Adriamycin
  • Calcium accumulation
  • Cardiotoxicity
  • Iron
  • Reticulum
  • Sarcoplasmic

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