Initial biofilm formation of Streptococcus sobrinus on various orthodontics appliances

D. Steinberg*, S. Eyal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Biofilms accumulate on hard and soft surface in the oral cavity. Accumulation of biofilms on orthodontic appliance bear scientific and clinical interest. The objection of this study was to examine the formation of dental biofilm by Streptococcus sobrinus on different types of orthodontics appliances, using a model consisting of host and bacterial constituents. The adsorption pattern of saliva to the orthodontics appliances was determined by means of gel electrophoresis coupled with computerized densitometry techniques. The amount of salivary proteins adsorbed onto the surfaces was measured using the Bradford method. Sucrose-dependent bacterial adhesion to the saliva-coated orthodontics appliances was tested by radioactive-labelled S. sobrinus. Our results show different adsorption patterns of salivary proteins to the various orthodontic appliances as modules, brackets, springs and intra oral elastics. Modules and brackets demonstrated the most affinity to salivary proteins. A surface dependent adhesion profile was recorded, showing a high affinity of albumin and amylase to modules. Bacterial accumulation was the highest on modules compared with springs which demonstrated the least bacterial adhesion. Our study demonstrates the specificity of biofilm formation on the different orthodontic appliances. Formation of a variety of dental biofilms has a significant impact on the progression of dental diseases associated with orthodontic treatment.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1041-1045
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Dental biofilm
  • Orthodontics appliances
  • Streptococcus sobrinus


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