Initial genome sequencing and analysis of multiple myeloma

Michael A. Chapman, Michael S. Lawrence, Jonathan J. Keats, Kristian Cibulskis, Carrie Sougnez, Anna C. Schinzel, Christina L. Harview, Jean Philippe Brunet, Gregory J. Ahmann, Mazhar Adli, Kenneth C. Anderson, Kristin G. Ardlie, Daniel Auclair, Angela Baker, P. Leif Bergsagel, Bradley E. Bernstein, Yotam Drier, Rafael Fonseca, Stacey B. Gabriel, Craig C. HofmeisterSundar Jagannath, Andrzej J. Jakubowiak, Amrita Krishnan, Joan Levy, Ted Liefeld, Sagar Lonial, Scott Mahan, Bunmi Mfuko, Stefano Monti, Louise M. Perkins, Robb Onofrio, Trevor J. Pugh, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Alex H. Ramos, David S. Siegel, Andrey Sivachenko, A. Keith Stewart, Suzanne Trudel, Ravi Vij, Douglas Voet, Wendy Winckler, Todd Zimmerman, John Carpten, Jeff Trent, William C. Hahn, Levi A. Garraway, Matthew Meyerson, Eric S. Lander, Gad Getz, Todd R. Golub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1215 Scopus citations


Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignancy of plasma cells, and its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Here we report the massively parallel sequencing of 38 tumour genomes and their comparison to matched normal DNAs. Several new and unexpected oncogenic mechanisms were suggested by the pattern of somatic mutation across the data set. These include the mutation of genes involved in protein translation (seen in nearly half of the patients), genes involved in histone methylation, and genes involved in blood coagulation. In addition, a broader than anticipated role of NF-Î °B signalling was indicated by mutations in 11 members of the NF-Î °B pathway. Of potential immediate clinical relevance, activating mutations of the kinase BRAF were observed in 4% of patients, suggesting the evaluation of BRAF inhibitors in multiple myeloma clinical trials. These results indicate that cancer genome sequencing of large collections of samples will yield new insights into cancer not anticipated by existing knowledge.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)467-472
Number of pages6
Issue number7339
StatePublished - 24 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This project was funded by a grant from the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation. M.A.C. was supported by a Clinician Scientist Fellowship from LeukaemiaandLymphoma Research (UK). We are grateful to all members of the Broad Institute’s Biological Samples Platform, Genetic Analysis Platform, and Genome Sequencing Platform, without whom this work would not have been possible.


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