Inkjet-printed all solid-state electrochromic devices based on NiO/WO3 nanoparticle complementary electrodes

Guofa Cai, Peter Darmawan, Mengqi Cui, Jingwei Chen, Xu Wang, Alice Lee Sie Eh, Shlomo Magdassi, Pooi See Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Nanostructured thin films are important in the fields of energy conversion and storage. In particular, multi-layered nanostructured films play an important role as a part of the energy system for energy saving applications in buildings. Inkjet printing is a low-cost and attractive technology for patterning and deposition of multi-layered nanostructured materials on various substrates. However, it requires the development of a suitable ink formulation with optimum viscosity, surface tension and evaporation rate for various materials. In this study, a versatile ink formulation was successfully developed to prepare NiO and WO3 nanostructured films with strong adhesion to ITO coated glass using inkjet printing for energy saving electrochromic applications. We achieved a high performance electrochromic electrode, producing porous and continuous electrochromic films without aggregation. The NiO film with 9 printed layers exhibits an optical modulation of 64.2% at 550 nm and a coloration efficiency (CE) of 136.7 cm2 C-1. An inkjet-printed complementary all solid-state device was assembled, delivering a larger optical modulation of 75.4% at 633 nm and a higher CE of 131.9 cm2 C-1 among all solid-state devices. The enhanced contrast is due to the printed NiO film that not only performs as an ion storage layer, but also as a complementary electrochromic layer.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)348-357
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - 7 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the A*Star-MND Green Building Joint Grant 1321760013. A part of the work is also supported by NTU-HUJ-BGU Nanomaterials for Energy and Water Management Programme under the Campus for Research Excellence and Technological Enterprise (CREATE) and the National Research Foundation Competitive Research Programme, Award no. NRF-CRP-13-2014-02, that is supported by the National Research Foundation, Prime Minister’s Office, Singapore.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


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