Innovation and adaption in local governments in the face of COVID-19: Determinants of effective crisis management

Danielle Zaychik*, Itai Beeri, Yonat Rein-Sapir, Nufar Avni, Alex Altshuler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Local governments were instrumental in managing the COVID-19 crisis in countries worldwide. This study examines the methods that local governments in Israel used to successfully manage the COVID-19 crisis. We explored the structural characteristics of the localities that excelled at managing the pandemic. Furthermore, we used measures of the spread of the virus and vaccination rates to identify a group of localities that managed the crisis with relative success. We conducted interviews with officials from these localities to determine the methods, policies, and conditions that led to success. We found that ethnicity, distance from urban centers, and socioeconomic status were associated with effective COVID-19 management. We also identified several intraorganizational and interorganizational policies and practices that were successful: crisis-adjusted management, a unified organizational atmosphere, digitalization, information management, autonomous decision making, and the fostering of collaborative relationships. Implications of the findings for the All Hazards Approach to disaster management are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRisk, Hazards and Crisis in Public Policy
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Policy Studies Organization.


  • All Hazards Approach
  • COVID-19
  • crisis management
  • disaster management
  • Israel
  • local governance
  • local government


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