Inorganic Halide Perovskitoid TlPbI3 for Ionizing Radiation Detection

Wenwen Lin, Jiangang He, Kyle M. McCall, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Zhifu Liu, Ido Hadar, Sanjib Das, Hsien Hau Wang, Bi Xia Wang, Duck Young Chung, Bruce W. Wessels, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Room temperature semiconductor detector (RTSD) materials for γ-ray and X-ray radiation are in great demand for the nonproliferation of nuclear materials as well as for biomedical imaging applications. Halide perovskites have attracted great attention as emerging and promising RTSD materials. In this contribution, the material synthesis, purification, crystal growth, crystal structure, photoluminescence properties, ionizing radiation detection performance, and electronic structure of the inorganic halide perovskitoid compound TlPbI3 are reported on. This compound crystallizes in the ABX3 non-perovskite crystal structure with a high density of d = 6.488 g·cm–3, has a wide bandgap of 2.25 eV, and melts congruently at a low temperature of 360 °C without phase transitions, which allows for facile growth of high quality crystals with few thermally-activated defects. High-quality TlPbI3 single crystals of centimeter-size are grown using the vertical Bridgman method using purified raw materials. A high electrical resistivity of ≈1012 Ω·cm is readily obtainable, and detectors made of TlPbI3 single crystals are highly photoresponsive to Ag Kα X-rays (22.4 keV), and detects 122 keV γ-rays from 57Co radiation source. The electron mobility-lifetime product µeτe was estimated at 1.8 × 10–5 cm2·V–1. A high relative static dielectric constant of 35.0 indicates strong capability in screening carrier scattering and charged defects in TlPbI3.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2006635
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number13
StatePublished - 24 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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  • TlPbI
  • perovskitoid
  • radiation detection
  • semiconductor crystals


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