Input-output Gaussian channels: Theory and application

Tommaso Tufarelli*, Alex Retzker, Martin B. Plenio, Alessio Serafini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Setting off from the classic input-output formalism, we develop a theoretical framework to characterize the Gaussian quantum channels relating the initial correlations of an open bosonic system to those of properly identified output modes. We then proceed to apply our formalism to the case of quantum harmonic oscillators, such as the motional degrees of freedom of trapped ions or nanomechanical oscillators, interacting with travelling electromagnetic modes through cavity fields and subject to external white noise. We thus determine the degree of squeezing that can be transferred from an intra-cavity oscillator to light and show that the intra-cavity squeezing can be transformed into distributed optical entanglement if one can access both output fields of a two-sided cavity.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number093046
JournalNew Journal of Physics
StatePublished - Sep 2012


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