Integrating the diverse definitions of happiness: A time-sequential framework of subjective well-being

Chu Kim-Prieto*, Ed Diener, Maya Tamir, Christie Scollon, Marissa Diener

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

260 Scopus citations

Abstract

The field of subjective well-being (SWB) is primarily concerned with people's evaluation of their lives; however, it includes a wide range of concepts, from momentary moods to global life satisfaction judgments. We propose a framework that integrates these diverse constructs. Our sequential temporal framework of subjective well-being describes experiences of well-being from the events and circumstances that cause evaluative reactions, through the emotional reactions to these events, to recall of these reactions, and finally to global judgments of well-being based on the previous stages. The hypothesized processes that translate the various steps in the sequence into one another are described, and supporting evidence is reviewed. We outline the implications of our framework for understanding subjective well-being, and discuss the research that is needed to further explore the proposed framework.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)261-300
Number of pages40
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Happiness
  • Mood
  • Subjective well-being

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