Integration without assimilation? Ethno-nationalism in Israel and universal laïcité in France

Julia Resnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adoption of multiculturalism and multiethnic views of society seems to be a convergent tendency among Western democracies where population flows are becoming increasingly heterogeneous. However, the established citizenship models and migrant groups' experiences have different impacts on the multicultural discourse in each country. This 'integration without assimilation' thesis has been examined comparing two countries - Israel and France - that differ largely in their definition of nationhood. Despite large demographic changes in both countries, the evolution of conceptions of citizenship in France and in Israel reflects a reaffirmation of existing models - the particularist Israeli ethnonationalism and the universalist French republicanism and laïcité - and the continuity of their assimilationist and homogenizing tendencies towards a Jewish uniform identity in the former and towards a uniform secular (or catho-laique) identity in the latter.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)201-224
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Studies in Sociology of Education
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Citizenship
  • Ethnonationalism
  • Laïcité
  • Migrant groups
  • Multiculturalism
  • Republicanism

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