Intending, foreseeing, and the state

David Enoch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


For many years, moral philosophers have been debating the conceptual and moral status of the distinction between intending harm and (merely) foreseeing harm. In this paper, after surveying some of the objections to the moral significance of this distinction in general, I focus on the special case of state action, arguing that whatever reasons we have to be suspicious about the distinction's moral significance in general, we have very good reasons to believe it lacks intrinsic moral significance when applied to state action. After arguing for this claim, I pursue in a preliminary way some of its implications.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)69-99
Number of pages31
JournalLegal Theory
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2007


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