International Renal Interest Society best practice consensus guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute kidney injury in cats and dogs

Gilad Segev*, Stefano Cortellini, Jonathan D. Foster, Thierry Francey, Catherine Langston, Leonel Londoño, Ariane Schweighauser, Rosanne E. Jepson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is defined as an injury to the renal parenchyma, with or without a decrease in kidney function, as reflected by accumulation of uremic toxins or altered urine production (i.e., increased or decreased). AKI might result from any of several factors, including ischemia, inflammation, nephrotoxins, and infectious diseases. AKI can be community- or hospital-acquired. The latter was not previously considered a common cause for AKI in animals; however, recent evidence suggests that the prevalence of hospital-acquired AKI is increasing in veterinary medicine. This is likely due to a combination of increased recognition and awareness of AKI, as well as increased treatment intensity (e.g., ventilation and prolonged hospitalization) in some veterinary patients and increased management of geriatric veterinary patients with multiple comorbidities. Advancements in the management of AKI, including the increased availability of renal replacement therapies, have been made; however, the overall mortality of animals with AKI remains high. Despite the high prevalence of AKI and the high mortality rate, the body of evidence regarding the diagnosis and the management of AKI in veterinary medicine is very limited. Consequently, the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) constructed a working group to provide guidelines for animals with AKI. Recommendations are based on the available literature and the clinical experience of the members of the working group and reflect consensus of opinion.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number106068
JournalVeterinary Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024

Keywords

  • AKI
  • Canine
  • Feline
  • Renal
  • Urinary

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