Intracellular trafficking of human CXCR1 and CXCR2: Regulation by receptor domains and actin-related kinases

Efrat Matityahu, Rotem Feniger-Barish, Tsipi Meshel, Alon Zaslaver, Adit Ben-Baruch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In this study we investigated the regulation of CXCR1 and CXCR2 intracellular trafficking. First, we produced a chimeric CXCR2 receptor that contained the internalization motifs of both CXCR2 and CXCR1 (CXCR2: LLKIL sequence; CXCR1: C-terminal phosphorylation sites). Elevated levels of internalization were induced by different ELR-expressing CXC chemokines on the chimeric receptor, as compared to wild-type CXCR2. Analysis of interrelationships between CXCR1 and CXCR2 during internalization indicated that the exposure of cells that expressed both CXCR1 and CXCR2 to CXCL8 or CXCL6 resulted in decreased levels of CXCR1 internalization as compared to those in cells that expressed only CXCR1. To characterize the role of actin-related components in CXCR1 and CXCR2 trafficking, wortmannin, a potent inhibitor of phosphatidylinositol kinases, was used. The presence of wortmannin during receptor recycling inhibited CXCR1 and CXCR2 re-expression following CXCL8-induced internalization, and resulted in a marked disruption of the proper organization of actin filaments. The kinase-dependent recycling process required CXCR2 C-terminal phosphorylation sites. Our results suggest that actin-related kinases are required for the proper functionality of actin filaments, which are the instrumental factors needed for receptor recycling. In all, CXCR1 and CXCR2 internalization and recycling are tightly regulated by receptor domains and by actin-related kinases.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)3525-3535
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Actin-related kinases
  • CXCL8
  • Internalization
  • Intracellular trafficking


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