Inventory and taxonomy of phlebotomine sand flies of the Mokolo leishmaniasis focus, northern Cameroon, with description of new Sergentomyia taxa (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Aimé Ngouateu Tateng, Vincent Khan Payne, Omer Bébé Ngouateu, Oscar David Kirstein, Alon Warburg, Esther von Stebut, Marcus Maurer, Blaise Dondji, Andreas Krüger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Leishmaniasis is endemic in northern Cameroon. However, the sand fly vectors have not been incriminated. A sand fly species inventory was generated by integrating a number of techniques. Miniature light traps were used for collecting sand flies in a variety of ecotopes found across the area, and a morphological and molecular identification approach for taxonomic confirmation was undertaken. In a pilot survey conducted in September 2012, we captured 687 sand flies, 259 of which were morphologically identified to species level. They represent 14 species of the genera Sergentomyia and Grassomyia. No Phlebotomus spp. were found. A second series of collections was carried out during 2013 in five different environmental setups: two urban, two peri-urban/rural and one sylvatic; 14,036 sand flies (6665 males and 7371 females) were collected. A total of 5926 females and 98 males were morphologically identified to species level, representing 19 species of the genera Sergentomyia, Grassomyia and Phlebotomus, including Ph. duboscqi, a known vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the region. Two new taxa were found and are described: Sergentomyia (Sintonius) thomsoni mandarai ssp. nov. and Se. coronula sp. nov. Our study is the first to report the following species in Cameroon: Se. (Sin.) thomsoni (as ssp. nov. mandarai), Se. (Ser.) cincta, Se. (Sin.) affinis ssp. vorax, Se. (Sin.) adami, Se. (Sin.) herollandi, and Se. (Sin.) christophersi. In addition, some morphologically atypical Sergentomyia specimens (combination of Ser. x Sin. traits) were recorded. A checklist of 32 species reports from Cameroon is presented.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)172-180
Number of pages9
JournalActa Tropica
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to thank Annett Michel (Hamburg) for her outstanding technical assistance. This work was supported by the Volkswagen Foundation, Hannover, Germany (grant no. 85839 ). ANT received a fellowship from the Kuvin Foundation to visit the Kuvin Centre at Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel. The authors are grateful to Professor Warburg’s Laboratory members for their technical support. We thank the families/communities in Mokolo area and their chiefs for their assistance and consent to work in their compounds. The work described here formed part of a thesis approved by the University of Dschang (Dschang, Cameroon) for a PhD degree to be awarded to ANT.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • Cameroon
  • DNA
  • Leishmaniasis
  • New species
  • Sand flies
  • Taxonomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Inventory and taxonomy of phlebotomine sand flies of the Mokolo leishmaniasis focus, northern Cameroon, with description of new Sergentomyia taxa (Diptera: Psychodidae)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this