We study gain without inversion due to coherence effects in a Doppler-broadened degenerate three-level system of a rubidium-hydrogen mixture in a miniaturized micron-scale custom vapor cell. The cell miniaturization gives rise to collisions of atoms with the walls of the cell. This, combined with the high collision rate with the hydrogen buffer gas, allows us to observe gain in the absorption spectra. Furthermore, we analyze the role of cell miniaturization in the evolution of the gain profile. In addition to fundamental interest, the observation of gain without inversion in our miniaturized cells paves the way for applications such as miniaturized lasers without inversion.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
E.T acknowledges financial support from the Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology of the Hebrew University. The research was supported by a grant from the Israeli Science Foundation (ISF).
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