Iron chelation therapy.

Chaim M. Hershko*, Gabriela M. Link, Abraham M. Konijn, Z. Ioav Cabantchik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although iron chelation therapy with deferoxamine (DFO) has changed life expectancy in thalassemic patients, compliance with the rigorous requirements of long-term subcutaneous DFO infusions is unsatisfactory. This problem underlines the current efforts for developing alternative, orally effective chelators to improve compliance and treatment results. For the patient with transfusional iron overload in whom results of DFO treatment are unsatisfactory, several orally effective agents are now available. The most important of the new generation of oral chelators are deferiprone and ICL670. Total iron excretion with deferiprone is less than with DFO, but deferiprone has a better ability to penetrate cell membranes and may have a better cardioprotective effect than DFO. Current studies of the clinical efficacy and tolerability of ICL670 indicate that at a single oral dose of 20 mg/kg daily, it may be as effective as parenteral DFO used at the standard dose of 40 mg/kg daily. Combined chelation treatment, employing a weak chelator that penetrates cells better, and a stronger chelator with efficient urinary excretion, may result in improved therapeutic effect through iron shuttling between the two compounds. The efficacy of combined chelation treatment is additive and offers an increased likelihood of success in patients previously failing DFO or deferiprone monotherapy.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)110-116
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent hematology reports
Volume4
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

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