Iron mobilization from myocardial cells by 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one chelators: Studies in rat heart cells in culture

C. Hershko*, G. Link, A. Pinson, H. H. Peter, P. Dobbin, R. C. Hider

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of 3-hydroxypyridin-4-ones (CP), a family of bidentate orally effective iron chelators, to remove iron and to prevent iron-induced lipid peroxidation was studied in beating rat myocardial cells in culture. The iron (III) binding constant (log β3) of all CP compounds is 36, but their lipophilicity may be modified by altering the length of the R2 substituent on the ring nitrogen. There was a direct relation between lipid solubility and chelating efficiency. Although at high concentrations all CP compounds were more effective in iron mobilization than deferoxamine, the opposite was true for low concentrations. Further studies with 1,2-diethyl-3-hydroxypyridin-4-one (CP94), the most effective CP compound, have shown that iron mobilization is completed within 6 hours, that effective mobilization requires a drug: iron molar ratio exceeding 3:1 permitting the formation of a hexadentate complex, and that the beneficial effects of iron mobilization are manifested in a marked reduction in membrane lipid peroxidation as indicated by cellular malonaldehyde content. Our study represents the first demonstration of a direct interaction between myocardial cells and an orally effective iron chelator, and underlines the need for high molar concentrations for achieving an optimal therapeutic effect.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2049-2053
Number of pages5
JournalBlood
Volume77
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 1991

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Iron mobilization from myocardial cells by 3-hydroxypyridin-4-one chelators: Studies in rat heart cells in culture'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this