Isoflurane preconditioning decreases myocardial infarction in rabbits via up-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1 that is mediated by mammalian target of rapamycin

Jacob Raphael*, Zhiyi Zuo, Suzan Abedat, Ronen Beeri, Yaacov Gozal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Volatile anesthetics are known to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury. The authors tested whether anesthetic preconditioning with isoflurane is mediated via activation of the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and evaluated the role of mammalian target of rapamycin signaling in this process. METHODS: New Zealand White rabbits subjected to 40 min of regional myocardial ischemia, followed by 180 min of reperfusion, were assigned to the following groups: ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) only, isoflurane (1 minimal alveolar concentration) preconditioning, and isoflurane preconditioning in the presence of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor rapamycin (0.25 mg/kg). Sham-operated, isoflurane + sham, rapamycin + sham, rapamycin + I/R, and dimethyl sulfoxide + I/R groups were also included. Creatine kinase-MB levels were assessed as an indicator of myocardial damage, and infarct size was evaluated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining. HIF-1α expression and DNA binding were assessed by Western blotting and electrophoretic mobility shift analysis, respectively. RESULTS: Isoflurane preconditioning reduced infarct size compared with the I/R group: 26 ± 4% versus 44 ± 6% (P < 0.05). Creatine kinase-MB concentrations in the preconditioned animals (103 ± 8% above baseline) were lower than in the I/R group (243 ± 12% above baseline; P < 0.05). Rapamycin inhibited the cardioprotective effect of isoflurane: myocardial infarction increased to 44 ± 4% and creatine kinase-MB level increased to 254 ± 9% above baseline. HIF-1α protein expression and DNA binding activity increased after isoflurane preconditioning compared with the ischemia group. These effects were also inhibited by rapamycin. CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicate that isoflurane-induced myocardial protection involves activation of the HIF-1 pathway that is mediated by the mammalian target of rapamycin.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)415-425
Number of pages11
JournalAnesthesiology
Volume108
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

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