Isolation and characterization of a cold-tolerant strain of Fusarium proliferatum, a biocontrol agent of grape downy mildew

S. Bakshi, A. Sztejnberg*, O. Yarden

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A cold-tolerant strain of the mycoparasite Fusarium proliferatum was isolated following UV mutagenesis of the G6 strain, which is a biocontrol agent of grape downy mildew. The isolated strain (designated 1505) exhibited radial growth two to threefold that of the parent strain when grown at 13°C, which is generally suboptimal for growth of Fusarium spp., but desirable for its host, Plasmopara viticola. This rapid growth was correlated with improved biological control of P. viticola, determined by a detached-leaf assay. Even though radial growth of strain 1505 at higher temperatures was slower than that of G6 and the strain failed to conidiate, there was no reduction in biocontrol efficacy. Significantly higher levels of extracellular β-glucosidase and endo-1,4-β-glucanase activity were measured in the culture filtrate of strain 1505 relative to that of strain G6. A DNA-mediated transformation procedure that included the introduction of antibiotic resistance and a GUS reporter gene system was adapted for F. proliferatum. Using the GUS-engineered strains, we demonstrated that both G6 and 1505 exhibit the characteristic coiling and penetration of host structures.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1062-1068
Number of pages7
JournalPhytopathology
Volume91
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cellulase

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