Vibrational spectroscopy is a powerful tool used to analyze biological and chemical samples. However, in proteins, the most predominant peaks that arise from the backbone amide groups overlap one another, hampering site-specific analyses. Isotope editing has provided a robust, noninvasive approach to overcome this hurdle. In particular, the 1-13C═16O and 1-13C═18O labels that shift the amide I vibrational mode have enabled 1D- and 2D-IR spectroscopy to characterize proteins with excellent site-specific resolution. Herein, we expand the vibrational spectroscopy toolkit appreciably by introducing the 1-13C15N probe at specific locations along the protein backbone. A new, isotopically edited amide II peak is observed clearly in the spectra despite the presence of unlabeled modes arising from the rest of the protein. The experimentally determined shift of −30 cm-1is reproduced by DFT calculations providing further credence to the mode assignment. Since the amide II mode arises from different elements than the amide I mode, it affords molecular insights that are both distinct and complementary. Moreover, multiple labeling schemes may be used simultaneously, enhancing vibrational spectroscopy’s ability to provide detailed molecular insights.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported in part by grants from the binational science foundation (2013618), the Israeli ministry of science, and the Israeli science foundation (175/13, 948/19). I.T.A. is the Arthur Lejwa Professor of Structural Biochemistry at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
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