Gisela Dachs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Israeli-German relations have come a long way: from the time when Israeli passports were ‘valid for all countries, except Germany’, to today’s close partnership, with cooperation on a myriad of levels that extends virtually to all areas. Today, Germany is considered Israel’s second-closest ally after the United States. It is also Israel’s most important economic partner in the EU and a highly popular tourist destination. Frequent visits of German politicians and sought-after receptions at the residence of the German ambassador in Herzliya have become routine. These strong ties are often likened by Germany to a ‘miracle’, whereas Israelis see these relations as an evolving process fraught with many tensions and crises.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook on Israel’s Foreign Relations
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781003833376
ISBN (Print)9780367499761
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 selection and editorial matter, Joel Peters and Rob Geist Pinfold.


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