“It feels as though I need to exert more effort than others”: the experience of daily participation of young adults with developmental coordination disorder (DCD)–a qualitative study

Shahar Zaguri-Vittenberg*, Naomi Weintraub, Miri Tal-Saban

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Participation difficulties among adults with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have been documented. However, little attention has been given to the subjective aspects of participation, also called occupational experience, including feeling during engagement in activities and their meaning. This study aimed to explore the occupational experience of young adults with DCD. Materials and methods: Informed by the phenomenological approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 young adults with DCD. Findings: Three themes emerged: (1) Complexity of occupational experience; describes the motives for participation, with variations in experience across activities and individuals. Participants engage in activities that provide them with pleasure and fulfillment, while other activities require constant effort and cause stress and shame; (2) The role of internal factors; illustrates the influence of poor motor and organizational/planning skills, self-acceptance; and utilizing strategies on the participants’ occupational experience; and (3) The role of the social environment; reveals the participants’ dual perception of their environment–as a source of criticism as well as a source of support. Conclusions: Individuals with DCD may benefit from intervention during young adulthood to enhance their well-being. The interventions should target their subjective occupational experiences in addition to their objective performance difficulties, by enhancing their psycho-social resources.

Original languageAmerican English
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Early online date11 Aug 2023
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 11 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • Developmental coordination disorder
  • dyspraxia
  • participation
  • subjective participation
  • young adulthood

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