When developing new anti-cancer therapeutic treatments, it is crucial to find the correct route of administration and timetable for treatment. Recently, we constructed the L-GnRH-PE66 chimeric protein, which can target and kill adenocarcinoma cells both in vitro and in vivo. We examined the ability of the L-GnRH-PE66 chimeric protein to inhibit tumor growth in colon carcinoma xenografted nude mice, using different routes of administration and various timetables of treatment. In addition, we examined the ability of the chimeric protein to inhibit tumor growth of large tumors that resemble those encountered in human patients in the clinical setting. We found that an i.v. dose of 12.5 μg given every 48 hr was the most efficacious in inhibiting tumor growth. Tumors treated with this concentration of the chimeric protein were 4.4 times smaller in volume and 3.4 times smaller in weight than those in the control groups. This protocol of L-GnRH-PE66 treatment is an improvement on our previously suggested treatment for adenocarcinoma in humans. An i.v. injection every 48 hr is effective, less toxic and less painful. Our results further support the use of L-GnRH-PE66 as an effective treatment for adenocarcinoma in humans.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - 15 Apr 2001|
- Chimeric proteins
- Colon adenocarcinoma
- I.v. injections