Ixodoidea of the Western Palaearctic: A review of available literature for identification of species

Agustín Estrada-Peña*, Miriam Pfäffle, Gad Baneth, Gabriela Kleinerman, Trevor N. Petney

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


We aim to produce a review of the most important literature references necessary for the identification of ticks of the families Ixodidae and Argasidae in Europe and northern Africa (i.e. the Western Palaearctic region). The purpose of this paper is to pinpoint a set of critically selected papers that contain reliable information on morphology, taxonomic keys, and comparative discussions which are critical for the identification of the ticks reported in the target region. When necessary, comments are provided on the systematic position of a species, or on suitable papers already addressing the issue. This review includes a list of 216 references which cover all Ixodoidea species reported as permanent residents of the Western Palaearctic, namely 28 species of the genus Ixodes, two Dermacentor, seven Haemaphysalis, nine Hyalomma, eight Rhipicephalus, five Argas and about seven species of Ornithodoros.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)512-525
Number of pages14
JournalTicks and Tick-borne Diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier GmbH


  • Argasidae
  • Identification
  • Ixodidae
  • Literature references
  • Review
  • Western palaearctic


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