Jellyfish galaxies with the IllustrisTNG simulations-citizen-science results towards large distances, low-mass hosts, and high redshifts

Elad Zinger*, Gandhali D. Joshi, Annalisa Pillepich, Eric Rohr, Dylan Nelson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present the 'Cosmological Jellyfish' project-a citizen-science classification program to identify jellyfish (JF) galaxies within the IllustrisTNG cosmological simulations. JF are satellite galaxies that exhibit long trailing gas features-'tails'-extending from their stellar body. Their distinctive morphology arises due to ram-pressure stripping (RPS) as they move through the background gaseous medium. Using the TNG50 and TNG100 simulations, we construct a sample of satellite galaxies spanning an unprecedented range of stellar masses,, and host masses, back to z = 2. Based on this sample, galaxy images were presented to volunteers in the citizen-science Zooniverse platform, who were asked to determine whether the galaxy image resembles a JF. Based on volunteer votes, each galaxy received a score determining if it is a JF or not. This paper describes the project, the inspected satellite sample, the methodology, and the classification process that resulted in a data set of 5307 visually identified JF galaxies. We find that JF is common in nearly all group-and cluster-sized systems, with the JF fraction increasing with host mass and decreasing with satellite stellar mass. We highlight JF galaxies in three relatively unexplored regimes: low-mass hosts of, radial positions within hosts exceeding the virial radius R200, c, and at high redshift up to z = 2. The full data set of our JF scores is publicly available and can be used to select and study JF galaxies in the IllustrisTNG simulations.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8257-8289
Number of pages33
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume527
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society.

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: haloes

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