‘Jugendbewegung’: Gerhard Scholem as a figure of the German avant-garde

Amir Engel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The purpose of this essay is to examine one of Gershom Scholem’s most obscure undertakings, a proto-Dadaist and antiwar text that he published, together with a few friends, during the first year of World War One. As is shown, this project has drawn heavily from the work of one of the leading avant-garde poets, later among the founding members of the Dada movement in Zurich, Hugo Ball. Discussed side by side, the works of Gershom Scholem and Hugo Ball offer a unique view onto the anti-war sentiment and the need for experimental language in an attempt to express a disdain so profound and fundamental that words and sentences seem unable to capture.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)119-129
Number of pages11
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2021


  • Avant-garde
  • Gershom Scholem
  • Hugo Ball
  • Martin Buber
  • World War One
  • Youth-Movement –Zionism


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