Kara-Khitan Khanate (Western Liao)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


Abstract The Kara-Khitan Khanate or Western Liao (1124–1218) ruled in Central Asia in the period that preceded the rise of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan. Founded by Khitan refugees who escaped from north China when the Jurchen Jin dynasty vanquished the Khitan Liao dynasty (907–1125), the sinicized Buddhist nomads ruled over a mostly Muslim and sedentary population in rare harmony. The Kara-Khitan multicultural empire combined Chinese, Inner-Asian, and Islamic elements, a blend that served as a precedent for Mongol rule.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationThe Encyclopedia of Empire
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781118455074
StatePublished - 2016


  • 1124–1307 ce
  • Central Asia
  • China
  • Islam
  • Khitan
  • Mongols
  • multiculturalism
  • nomads


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