The presence of malodorous dimethyl polysulfides (DMPSs) has been documented in various aquatic systems. In this work, we studied the kinetics and mechanisms of the chemical decomposition of DMPSs with 3-5 sulfur atoms in aqueous solutions in the presence of oxygen and absence of light. DMPSs are shown to undergo reaction with hydroxyl ions, which results in their decomposition. The orders of the decomposition reactions with respect to dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS), dimethyl tetrasulfide (DM4S) and dimethyl pentasulfide (DM5S) are 2.0 ± 0.3, 1.7 ± 0.3 and 2.0 ± 0.2, respectively. The reaction orders with respect to OH- are 0.59 ± 0.06, 0.56 ± 0.08 and 0.58 ± 0.11, respectively. The activation energies of these reactions are 170 kJ mol-1 K-1, 114 kJ mol-1 K-1 and 75 kJ mol-1 K-1, respectively. The initial products of the decomposition are Me2Sn-1 and Me2Sn+1 and the apparent final products are elemental sulfur and dimethyl disulfide (DMDS). DMDS, which is formed during the decomposition of DMTS, is depleted in 34S (ϵ = -13.2 ‰), while the DM4S is enriched 34S (ϵ = 4.7 ‰). A mechanism for the decomposition of DMPSs is proposed based on the results. Under these conditions, half-lives for the decomposition of DMPSs in Lake Kinneret vary from 2 months for DM5S to 100 000 years for DMTS. The relatively short time scale of the reported odour episodes indicates that other chemical, photochemical or biological processes are responsible for the decomposition of DMTS and DM4S.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank Sarit Melamed and Efrat Eliani Russak for assistance with the analyses. We are grateful to Ovadia Lev and Andrey Gavriushin for discussions that helped to improve the manuscript. This work was supported by the Marie Curie Actions CIG PCIG10-GA-2011–303740 (ThioCyAnOx) Grant.
© 2019 CSIRO.
- decomposition kinetics
- isotope fractionation
- reduced sulfur compounds
- volatile organic sulfur compounds