Kinetics of serologic cross-reactions between Ehrlichia canis and the Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroups in experimental E. canis infection in dogs

Trevor Waner*, Carmella Strenger, Avi Keysary, Shimon Harrus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The serological cross-reactions between the Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroups, and the kinetics of development of antibodies in dogs to the E. phagocytophila group after artificial infection with the Israeli strain of E. canis was investigated. Results of this study indicate that the development of antibodies to the E. phagocytophila genogroup in dogs after infection with E. canis is a time dependent event probably conditional on the continued propagation of the rickettsia in the host. After spontaneous clinical recovery, and at the beginning of the subclinical phase, no antibodies to E. phagocytophila were yet detectable. The first evidence of IgG antibodies to E. phagocytophila were found in two of the six dogs, 55 days after artificial infection with E. canis, while another two dogs became seropositive to E. phagocytophila 22 days later. All surviving dogs were seropositive to E. phagocytophila by 150 days PI. It is suggested that the appearance of E. phagocytophila antibodies following treatment of acute E. canis infection may be used to judge treatment failure and/or persistence of infection.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume66
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Dec 1998

Keywords

  • Dogs
  • E. canis
  • Ehrlichia canis
  • Ehrlichia phagocytophila
  • Serological cross-reaction

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