Kosher and Halal Slaughtering Before the Court of Justice: A Case of Religious Intolerance?

G. H. Guy Harpaz*, Arie Reich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In December 2020 the Court of Justice of the EU approved the legality of a decree, adopted by the Flemish Region in Belgium, which introduced an outright ban on slaughtering of animals by means of traditional Jewish and Muslim rites. The Court, which did not adopt the opinion of Advocate General Hogan, effectively nullified an express derogation for ritual slaughtering found in the EU’s regulation on slaughtering. This article will critically examine the Judgment, arguing that it has not only misinterpreted EU regulations, but also compromised the rights of European minorities to religious freedom under the Charter on the basis of questionable and inconsistent arguments of animal welfare.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)35-52
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Public Law
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. Kluwer Law International BV, The Netherlands


  • Animal Welfare
  • European Court of Justice
  • Halal Slaughtering
  • Kosher Slaughtering
  • Religious Freedom
  • Religious Minorities in Europe


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