Genomic imprinting is a parent-of-origin dependent monoallelic expression of genes. Previous studies showed that conversion of primed human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into naive pluripotency is accompanied by genome-wide loss of methylation that includes imprinted loci. However, the extent of aberrant biallelic expression of imprinted genes is still unknown. Here, we analyze loss of imprinting (LOI) in a large cohort of both bulk and single-cell RNA sequencing samples of naive and primed hPSCs. We show that naive hPSCs exhibit high levels of non-random LOI, with bias toward paternally methylated imprinting control regions. Importantly, we show that different protocols used for the primed to naive conversion led to different extents of LOI, tightly correlated to FGF signaling. This analysis sheds light on the process of LOI occurring during the conversion to naive pluripotency and highlights the importance of these events when modeling disease and development or when utilizing the cells for therapy.
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© 2021 The Authors
- genomic imprinting
- human pluripotent stem cells
- naive pluripotent stem cells