The LDA topic model is being used to model corpora of documents that can be represented by bags of words. Here we extend the LDA model to deal with documents that are represented by bags of continuous descriptors. Given a finite dictionary of words, our extended LDA model allows for the soft assignment of descriptors to (many) dictionary words. We derive variational inference and parameter estimation procedures for the extended model, which closely resemble those obtained for the original model, with two important differences: First, the histogram of word counts is replaced by a histogram of pseudo word counts, or sums of responsibilities over all descriptors. Second, parameter estimation now depends on the average covariance matrix between these pseudocounts, reflecting the fact that with soft assignment words are not independent. We use this approach to address the detection of novel video events, where we seek to identify video events with low posterior probability. Using a benchmark dataset for novelty detection, we show a very significant improvement in the detection of novel events when using our extended LDA model with soft assignment to words as against hard assignment (the original model), achieving state of the art novelty detection results.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 2013|
|Event||30th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2013 - Atlanta, GA, United States|
Duration: 16 Jun 2013 → 21 Jun 2013
|Conference||30th International Conference on Machine Learning, ICML 2013|
|Period||16/06/13 → 21/06/13|