Leaf development and morphogenesis

Maya Bar, Naomi Ori*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations


The development of plant leaves follows a common basic program that is flexible and is adjusted according to species, developmental stage and environmental circumstances. Leaves initiate from the flanks of the shoot apical meristem and develop into flat structures of variable sizes and forms. This process is regulated by plant hormones, transcriptional regulators and mechanical properties of the tissue. Here, we review recent advances in the understanding of how these factors modulate leaf development to yield a substantial diversity of leaf forms. We discuss these issues in the context of leaf initiation, the balance between morphogenesis and differentiation, and patterning of the leaf margin.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4219-4230
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


  • Flexibility
  • Leaf
  • Morphogenesis
  • Plant hormones
  • Transcription


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