Leishmaniases in the European Union and neighboring countries

Eduardo Berriatua, Carla Maia, Cláudia Conceição, Yusuf Özbel, Seray Töz, Gad Baneth, Pedro Pérez-Cutillas, Maria Ortuño, Clara Muñoz, Zarima Jumakanova, Andre Pereira, Rafael Rocha, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Elkhan Gasimov, Yves van der Stede, Gregorio Torres, Céline M. Gossner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A questionnaire survey of animal and human health authorities in Europe revealed that leishmaniases are not notifiable in all countries with autochthonous cases. Few countries implement surveillance and control targeting both animal and human infections. Leishmaniases are considered emergent diseases in most countries, and lack of resources is a challenge for control.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1723-1727
Number of pages5
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank experts from the public health institutes, animal health institutes, ministries of health, and ministries of agriculture from Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Libya, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Palestine, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, and Ukraine for taking the time to answer the questionnaires and providing us the information used to prepare this review on leishmaniasis. In particular, we thank: Silva Bino, Adela Vasili and Teita Myrseli (Albania), Ahmed Chawki El Karim Boughalem (Algeria), Arman Gevoryan, Lusine Paronyan and Narek Hayrapetyan (Armenia), Irene Kászoni-Rückerl and Julia Walochnik (Austria), Yagut Garayeva (Azerbaijan), Javiera Rebolledo (Belgium), Aleksandar Nemet (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Rumen Harizanov (Bulgaria), Tihana Miškić, Ivana Lohman Janković and Eddy Listeš (Croatia), Maria G. Koliou and Vasiliki Christodoulou (Cyprus), Jerome Depaquit, Laurence Lachaud, Christophe Ravel and Patrick Bastien (France), Merab Iosava and Tegniz Chaligava (Georgia), Franz J. Conraths (Germany), Danai Pervanidou and Michail Floros (Greece), Tamás Sréter (Hungary), Emilia Anis, Roee Singer, Yael Glazer and Michel Bellaiche (Israel), Alda Natale, Gianluca Rugna, Mose' Alise, Patrizia Parodi, Luigi Gradoni and Pellegrino Daniele (Italy), Mahmoud Alhanatleh (Jordan), Badereddin Annajar (Libya), Maxim Sirbu (Moldova), Mevlida Hrapovic and Nebojša Sekulić (Montenegro), Iyad Adra (Palestine), Alexandru Supeanu and Cristina Daniela Pop (Romania), Mitra Drakulovic and Sasa Ostojic (Serbia), Maja Sočan (Slovenia), Beatriz Fernández Martínez, Francisco Javier Moreno Nuncio, Francisco Javier Nieto Martínez, Soledad Collado Cortés, Jose Luis Sáez Llorente and Alejandro Pérez Riquelme (Spain), Anil Demeli, Ahmet Deniz and Seher Topluoglu (Turkey) and Ihor Kuzin (Ukraine). In addition, we thank Tamás Bakonyi for reviewing and testing the questionnaire. Y.V.d.S. is employed with the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in the ALPHA Unit that provides scientific and administrative support to EFSA's scientific activities in the area of Animal Health and Welfare. The positions and opinions presented in this article are those of the authors alone and are not intended to represent the views or scientific work of EFSA.

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