Leukocyte antiadhesive actions of annexin 1: ALXR- and FPR-related anti-inflammatory mechanisms

Felicity N.E. Gavins, Simon Yona, Ahmad M. Kamal, Roderick J. Flower, Mauro Perretti*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

184 Scopus citations


Recent investigations conducted with human neutrophils have indicated an involvement for the receptor for formylated peptides, termed FPR, and its analog FPRL1 (or ALXR because it is the receptor for the endogenous ligand lipoxin A4) in the in vitro inhibitory actions of the glucocorticoid-regulated protein annexin 1 and its peptidomimetics. To translate these findings in in vivo settings, we have used an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) procedure to promote leukocyte-endothelium interactions in the mouse mesenteric microcirculation. In naive mice, the annexin 1 mimetic peptide Ac2-26 (20 to 100 μg administered intravenously prior to reperfusion) abolished I/R-induced cell adhesion and emigration, but not cell rolling. In FPR-deficient mice, peptide Ac2-26 retained significant inhibitory actions (about 50% of the effects in naive mice), and these were blocked by an FPR antagonist, termed butyloxycarbonyl-Phe-Leu-Phe-Leu-Phe, or Boc2. In vitro, neutrophils taken from these animals could be activated at high concentrations of formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (30 μM; fMLP), and this effect was blocked by cell incubation with peptide Ac2-26 (66 μM) or Boc2 (100 μM). FPR-deficient neutrophils expressed ALXR mRNA and protein. Both ALXR agonists, lipoxin A4 and peptide Ac2-26, provoked detachment of adherent leukocytes in naive as well as in FPR-deficient mice, whereas the CXC chemokine KC or fMLP were inactive. The present findings demonstrate that endogenous regulatory autocoids such as lipoxin A4 and annexin 1-derived peptides function to disengage adherent cells during cell-cell interactions.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)4140-4147
Number of pages8
Issue number10
StatePublished - 15 May 2003


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