Three different pigment-binding proteins of the light-harvesting complex (LHC I) of maize photosystem I (PS I) have been isolated. Absorption and fluorescence excitation spectral analyses showed that each pigment-protein can transfer absorbed energy from its carotenoid and/or chlorophyll b components to chlorophyll alpha. Their apoproteins with apparent sizes of 24 (LHC Ia), 21 (LHC Ib), and 17 (LHC Ic) kDa have been purified to homogeneity. Differences in their pigment and amino acid compositions and in their reactions with antibodies demonstrate that the two smaller pigment-proteins are not proteolytically derived from the largest one. LHC Ib's apoprotein is particularly enriched in cysteine residues. None of the three apoproteins cross-reacted with antibodies raised against the major light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein of photosystem II (LHC IIb) or against the PS I core complex (CC I) subunits. Studies of the biogenesis of PS I during greening of etiolated plants showed that all of the CC I subunits accumulated to a detectable level prior to the appearance of the 17-kDa subunit of LHC I, the accumulation of which preceded those of the 24- and 21-kDa subunits of LHC I. In addition, subunit VI of CC I is shown to be differentially expressed in mesophyll and bundle sheath cells; a slightly larger form of it accumulates in mesophyll than in bundle sheath thylakoids during plastid development.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 5 Mar 1989