Lineage tracing evidence for in vitro dedifferentiation but rare proliferation of mouse pancreatic β-cells

Noa Weinberg, Limor Ouziel-Yahalom, Sarah Knoller, Shimon Efrat, Yuval Dor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations

Abstract

Understanding and manipulating pancreatic β-cell proliferation is a major challenge for pancreas biology and diabetes therapy. Recent studies have raised the possibility that human β-cells can undergo dedifferentiation and give rise to highly proliferative mesenchymal cells, which retain the potential to redifferentiate into β-cells. To directly test whether cultured β-cells dedifferentiate, we applied genetic lineage tracing in mice. Differentiated β-cells were heritably labeled using the Cre-lox system, and their fate in culture was followed. We provide evidence that mouse β-cells can undergo dedifferentiation in vitro into an insulin-, pdx1-, and glut2-negative state. However, dedifferentiated β-cells only rarely proliferate under standard culture conditions and are eventually eliminated from cultures. Thus, the predominant mesenchymal cells seen in cultures of mouse islets are not of a β-cell origin.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1299-1304
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

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