We investigate the polarization and proper motion from a beamed gamma-ray burst's ejecta. We find that even if the magnetic field has well-defined orientation relative to the direction of motion of the shock, the polarization is not likely to exceed 20%. Taking into account the dynamics of the beamed ejecta, we find that the polarization rises and decays with peak around the jet break time (when the Lorentz factor of the flow is comparable to the inverse of the initial jet opening angle). Interestingly, we find that when the offset of the observer from the center of the beam is large enough, the polarization as function of time has three peaks and the polarization direction of the middle peak is rotated by 90° relative to the two other peaks. We also show that some proper motion is expected, peaking around the jet break time. Detection of both this proper motion and the direction of polarization can determine which component of the magnetic field is dominant.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
I thank Roger Blandford, Tsvi Piran, Eric Blackman, Sterl Phinney, and Dale Frail for useful discussions and the referee James Rhoads for a constructive report. The author is supported by the Sherman Fairchild Foundation. This research was supported in part by the NSF under grant PHY 94-07194.
- Gamma rays: bursts