Local Targeted Memory Reactivation in Human Sleep

Ella Bar, Amit Marmelshtein, Anat Arzi, Ofer Perl, Ethan Livne, Eyal Hizmi, Rony Paz, Noam Sobel, Yadin Dudai, Yuval Nir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Bar et al. perform local targeted memory reactivation (TMR) by associating words with left or right visual field locations plus contextual odor and presenting this odor to one nostril during post-learning naps. Local TMR selectively promotes memory for words processed in the cued hemisphere and modulates local sleep oscillations and coupling.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1435-1446.e5
JournalCurrent Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - 20 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd


  • NREM
  • TMR
  • memory consolidation
  • odor
  • olfactory
  • sleep oscillations
  • slow oscillations
  • slow waves
  • spindles
  • unilateral


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