Quantum computations and simulations require strong coherent coupling between qubits, which may be spatially separated. Achieving this coupling for solid-state-based spin qubits is a long-standing challenge. Here we theoretically investigate a method for achieving such a coupling, based on superconducting nanostructures designed to channel the magnetic flux created by the qubits. We detail semiclassical analytical calculations and simulations of the magnetic field created by a magnetic dipole, depicting the spin qubit, positioned directly below nanofabricated apertures in a superconducting layer. We show that such structures could channel the magnetic flux, enhancing the dipole-dipole interaction between spin qubits and changing its scaling with distance, thus potentially paving the way for controllably engineering an interacting spin system.
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© 2021 Published by the American Physical Society