Lubrication by charged polymers

Uri Raviv, Suzanne Giasson, Nir Kampf, Jean François Gohy, Robert Jéröme, Jacob Klein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

800 Scopus citations


Long-ranged forces between surfaces in a liquid control effects from colloid stability to biolubrication, and can be modified either by steric factors due to flexible polymers, or by surface charge effects. In particular, neutral polymer 'brushes' may lead to a massive reduction in sliding friction between the surfaces to which they are attached, whereas hydrated ions can act as extremely efficient lubricants between sliding charged surfaces. Here we show that brushes of charged polymers (polyelectrolytes) attached to surfaces rubbing across an aqueous medium result in superior lubrication compared to other polymeric surfactants. Effective friction coefficients with polyelectrolyte brushes in water are lower than about 0.0006-0.001 even at low sliding velocities and at pressures of up to several atmospheres (typical of those in living systems). We attribute this to the exceptional resistance to mutual interpenetration displayed by the compressed, counterion-swollen brushes, together with the fluidity of the hydration layers surrounding the charged, rubbing polymer segments. Our findings may have implications for biolubrication effects, which are important in the design of lubricated surfaces in artificial implants, and in understanding frictional processes in biological systems.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)163-165
Number of pages3
Issue number6954
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements We thank J. Frey for the STAI synthesis, and R. Tadmor, T. Witten, D. Lukatsky and P. Pincus for discussions. We also thank the Eshkol Foundation (U.R.), the Canadian Friends of the Weizmann Institute (Charpak-Vered Fellowship, S.G.), the US-Israel BSF, the Deutsche-Israelische Program, and the Israel Science Foundation for their support of this work. J.F.G. (Chargé de Recherches by FNRS) and R.J. thank the SSTC for financial support.


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