Making (Latin) America Great Again: Lessons from Populist Foreign Policies in the Americas

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Contemporary politics is increasingly entering an era of global populism. Within this challenging context, the lessons from past experience on populism, in which Latin America and ``Latin-Americanists'' have particular prominence, can contribute to provide a satisfactory response to many pressing questions concerning the foreign policies of today's populist regimes. This chapter explores possible patterns in the formulation of foreign policies among Latin-American populist regimes during the periods known as ``classic populism'' (1930sִ--1950s), ``neoliberal neopopulism'' (1980s--1990s), and ``progressive neopopulism'' (2000s--). The Latin American experience serves as a multi-dimensional case study for analyzing a range of populist eras in the same region and comparing, with significant variance in time and space, how populist regimes conducted their policies on the regional, sub-regional, interregional, and global levels. The findings of such a comparative study indicate that it is difficult to define a coherent ``populist foreign policy'' in Latin America in terms of ideological or programmatic content. Nevertheless, it is possible to distinguish a greater tendency among Latin-American populists to support regionalist and globalist policies by empowering identity-based solidarities, and thus legitimizing themselves locally, regionally and internationally. This chapter aims to contribute to a growing research program focusing on populist foreign policies.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationPopulism and World Politics: Exploring Inter- and Transnational Dimensions
EditorsFrank A. Stengel, David B. MacDonald, Dirk Nabers
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Number of pages31
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-04621-7
StatePublished - 2019


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