Managing diversity in context: Unit level dynamics in the Israel defense forces

Edna Lomsky-Feder, Eyal Ben-Ari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This article is an exploratory study of the factors influencing the management of diversity at the unit level. This management is carried out through ongoing negotiations between troops and commanders and is heavily influenced by the character of the unit within which bargaining takes place and involves the active role of both sides. Themost important factors are the unit's structural characteristic (dominant military roles or social composition) and ethos of action (a combat or service orientation). Diversity is thus simultaneously managed as formal policy (intentionally organized) and is self-organized as phenomena emerging at the local level through agreements between the military and individuals and groups serving within it. The analysis is based on qualitative research carried out within the Israel Defense Forces within combat, white-collar, and service units.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)193-212
Number of pages20
JournalArmed Forces and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013


  • Contract
  • Diversity
  • Israel defense forces
  • Management
  • Unit ethos
  • Unit level


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